What Is Scrum Framework?

The Test Lead
2 min readDec 4, 2023

Scrum is an agile project management framework that is widely used in software development and other industries. It provides a flexible and iterative approach to managing and delivering complex projects.

Here are some key aspects of Scrum:


Product Owner: Represents the stakeholders and is responsible for defining and prioritizing the product backlog.
Scrum Master: Facilitates the Scrum process, removes obstacles, and ensures that the team is adhering to Scrum practices.
Development And Testing Team: A self-organizing group responsible for delivering the product increment.


Product Backlog: A prioritized list of features, enhancements, and bug fixes that need to be addressed in the product. It’s the responsibility of the Product Owner to manage and prioritize the backlog.
Sprint Backlog: A subset of the product backlog selected for a specific sprint. It contains the tasks the development team commits to completing during the sprint.
Increment: The sum of all the product backlog items completed during a sprint, plus the value of all previous sprints.

Events (or Ceremonies):

Sprint Planning: A meeting at the beginning of a sprint where the team selects items from the product backlog to work on during the sprint.
Daily Scrum (Stand-up): A short, daily meeting where team members discuss what they’ve completed, what they’re working on, and any obstacles they’re facing.
Sprint Review: A meeting at the end of a sprint where the team demonstrates the work completed during the sprint and gathers feedback from stakeholders.
Sprint Retrospective: A meeting at the end of a sprint where the team reflects on their process and identifies areas for improvement.

Time Boxes:

Scrum events are time-boxed, meaning they have a set duration and cannot be extended. This enforces a cadence and helps teams stay focused.

Iterations (Sprints):

Sprints are fixed-length iterations of work, typically lasting 2–4 weeks. The team…



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