Methodology Interview Questions(Agile And Waterfall)

The Test Lead
3 min readNov 13, 2023

Methodologies lay out the framework and guidelines of software being developed and tested. It is a concept that is frequently asked in interviews. This list will go over some of the most commonly asked interview questions in regards to testing methodologies.

1. What is the Waterfall methodology?

Answer: The Waterfall methodology is a sequential and linear approach to software development. It divides the project into distinct phases, such as requirements gathering, design, implementation, testing, deployment, and maintenance. Each phase must be completed before moving on to the next, and changes are typically not easily accommodated once a phase is completed.

2. What is Agile methodology?

Answer: Agile is an iterative and flexible approach to software development. It emphasizes collaboration, customer feedback, and incremental progress. Agile teams work in short iterations (sprints) and adapt to changing requirements and priorities throughout the project.

3. What is Scrum and how does it relate to Agile?

Answer: Scrum is a specific framework within the Agile methodology. It provides a structured way to manage work within an Agile context. Scrum includes roles (Product Owner, Scrum Master, Development Team), events (Sprint, Sprint Planning, Daily Scrum, Sprint Review, Sprint Retrospective), and artifacts (Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, Increment). It helps teams organize their work and interactions to achieve Agile goals.

4. What are the key differences between Waterfall and Scrum?

Answer: The key differences between Waterfall and Scrum include:

  • Approach: Waterfall is a linear, sequential approach, while Scrum is iterative and incremental.
  • Flexibility: Waterfall is less adaptable to changing requirements, while Scrum embraces change.
  • Delivery: Waterfall delivers the entire project at the end, while Scrum delivers increments of the product in short cycles (sprints).
  • Client Involvement: Waterfall has limited client involvement until the final…



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