In the world of software development, collaboration and version control are crucial. As a software tester, understanding how to use tools like Git and GitHub can greatly enhance your ability to contribute effectively to the development process. In this article, we’ll introduce you to Git and GitHub in simple terms, helping you grasp the basics and get started with confidence.
What is Git?
Git is a distributed version control system. But what does that mean? Imagine you’re working on a group project, and you want to make sure everyone is on the same page. Git helps you do just that, but for code. It keeps track of all changes made to a project’s codebase over time. This makes it easy to collaborate, revert changes, and maintain a clear history of the project’s development.
Key Concepts in Git:
Repository (Repo): This is like a project’s home. It contains all the files, folders, and history of changes for that project.
Commit: A commit is like a snapshot of your code at a specific point in time. It captures changes you’ve made and allows you to provide a brief description of what you’ve done.
Branch: A branch is like a separate copy of your project. It allows you to work on new features or fixes without affecting the main codebase. Once your changes are ready, you can merge them back into the main branch.
Merge: Merging is the process of combining changes from one branch into another. This is how new features or fixes get added to the main project.
What is GitHub?
GitHub is a platform built around Git that makes collaboration even easier. Think of it as a social network for code. Developers and testers can store their Git repositories on GitHub, making it a centralized hub for projects, issues, discussions, and more.